Smoking prior to surgery and during recovery can cause serious effects on wound healing. This is because smoking effects the small vessels in the body, resulting in scarring of the small arteries and veins.
During the healing process, more blood needs to flow to areas of surgery. This increased blood flow provides more oxygen and nutrients to healing areas so that wounds will heal faster and more smoothly.
Because smoking can lead to scarring of small blood vessels, smoking causes a limitation of the blood flow. When blood flow is decreased to healing areas, this results in slower he...